Private investigators or PIs for short are people whose services can be hired by groups of people or mostly individuals to carry out investigatory law services. They are also called inquiry agents or private detectives and usually, they work in criminal cases and civil cases for attorneys.
They usually have an essential job in aiding corporations and law enforcement agencies and their job description sometimes include assisting in conducting research for criminal, financial or legal investigations or assisting in locating any missing persons.
Private investigators can also opt to work for businesses, attorneys, or private entities or they can even open up an agency.
What are a Private Investigator’s Primary duties?
A private investigator normally finds people for several reasons such as employers, co-workers, spouses, lovers, former friends, relatives, birth parents, or adoptees. All the mentioned individuals could be at an advantage when it comes to reconnecting with people or persons from their past. A private investigator has access to interview acquaintances and databases to collect clues in tracking down people with whom you’ve lost contact. They can access public records in finding missing information to get these people’s social security number, telephone number, address, and new names.
Private investigators are typically in the delivery of subpoenas or summons in legal cases or locating debt absconders. Various Private Investigation agencies can specialize in a specific area a good example being technical surveillance counter-measures for the investigation of cases involving espionage. Other agencies would want specialization in corporate matters like copyright infringement, computer forensics, or trade secrets. Most of a Private Investigator’s work is usually computerized for convenience in accessing databases when looking for people’s personal details.
Some Private investigators would need to go undercover so they can better observe suspects to get more information. They call upon tools such as video cameras, GPS tracking devices among other useful technology and equipment. A private Investigator could also obtain a license allowing them to carry a concealed weapon.
Private Investigators need a deeper understanding of local laws, federal laws, state laws, and privacy laws seeing as they don’t have policy powers meaning they operate under the authority of private citizens. They need to be educated in such laws as it is important when applied in evidence collection for all cases to make sure all the information and data they bring to the table is legitimate in a court case.
Private Investigators have irregular work hours when the nature of their work is taken into consideration and they often find themselves working in various weather conditions especially when gathering information using surveillance methods.
For one to become a Private Investigator, a bachelor’s degree or associate’s degree in police science or criminal justice is a requirement. Most states require a Private Investigator license so they can function and previous work experience in a similar vocation is very beneficial.